Jobless rates were lower in July than a year earlier in 323 of the 388 metropolitan areas, higher in 41, and unchanged in 24. Nonfarm payroll employment was up in 59 metropolitan areas over the year and essentially unchanged in 329.
METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT — JULY 2018
Unemployment rates were lower in July than a year earlier in 323 of the 388 metropolitan
areas, higher in 41 areas, and unchanged in 24 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Fifty-three areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and two areas
had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in
59 metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged in 329 areas. The national unemployment
rate in July was 4.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.6 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In July, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.8 percent. Yuma, AZ, and El Centro,
CA, had the highest unemployment rates, 20.9 percent and 19.3 percent, respectively. A total
of 190 areas had July jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 4.1 percent, 184 areas had rates
below it, and 14 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)
Farmington, NM, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in July (-1.9
percentage points). Forty-seven additional areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage
point. The largest over-the-year rate increases occurred in Cumberland, MD-WV, and Morgantown,
WV (+0.7 percentage point each).
Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Minneapolis-
St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, had the lowest unemployment rate in July, 2.6 percent. New Orleans-
Metairie, LA, and Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the highest jobless rates among the large areas,
5.6 percent and 5.5 percent, respectively. Forty-four large areas had over-the-year unemployment
rate decreases, five had increases, and two had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (-1.1 percentage points). No large area had an unemployment
rate increase greater than 0.3 percentage point.
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which
are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In July, San Francisco-Redwood City-
South San Francisco, CA, had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 2.4 percent.
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI, had the highest division rate, 6.4 percent. (See table 2.)
In July, 27 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 5 had increases,
and 6 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights,
IL (-1.2 percentage points). No metropolitan division had an unemployment rate increase greater
than 0.1 percentage point.
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In July, 59 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment and
329 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in New
York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+143,000), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+118,200), and
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX (+101,800). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in
employment occurred in Midland, TX (+10.1 percent), Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ (+7.8 percent),
and Mankato-North Mankato, MN (+7.1 percent). (See table 3.)
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 38 of 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population
of 1 million or more, while employment remained essentially unchanged in 13. The largest over-the-year
percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-
Sanford, FL (+4.3 percent), and Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, and Raleigh, NC (+3.9 percent each).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In July, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 17 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the year
and remained essentially unchanged in 21. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among
the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+121,000), followed
by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+89,600), and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (+62,500).
(See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase occurred in Tacoma-Lakewood, WA (+4.9 percent),
followed by Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA (+3.6 percent), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+3.5 percent).
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division