METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT — NOVEMBER 2018
Unemployment rates were lower in November than a year earlier in 290 of the 388
metropolitan areas, higher in 69 areas, and unchanged in 29 areas, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. A total of 104 areas had jobless rates of less
than 3.0 percent and 2 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment increased over the year in 54 metropolitan areas and was essentially
unchanged in 334 areas. The national unemployment rate in November was 3.5 percent,
not seasonally adjusted, down from 3.9 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In November, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.2 percent. El Centro, CA,
and Yuma, AZ, had the highest unemployment rates, 18.1 percent and 14.9 percent,
respectively. A total of 198 areas had November unemployment rates below the U.S.
rate of 3.5 percent, 176 areas had rates above it, and 14 areas had rates equal to
that of the nation. (See table 1.)
The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease occurred in Ocean City, NJ (-3.4
percentage points). Fifty-five additional areas had rate decreases of at least 1.0
percentage point. Kokomo, IN, had the largest over-the-year rate increase in November
(+5.1 percentage points).
Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, had the lowest unemployment rate in November,
2.0 percent. Cleveland-Elyria, OH, and Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, had the highest
jobless rates among the large areas, 4.4 percent each. Thirty-nine large areas had over-
the-year unemployment rate decreases, eight had increases, and four had no change. The
largest rate decreases occurred in Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY (-1.6 percentage
points), and Rochester, NY (-1.5 points). The largest over-the-year rate increase was
in Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO (+0.5 percentage point).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In November, Framingham,
MA, and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, had the lowest rates among
the divisions, 2.1 percent each. Tacoma-Lakewood, WA, had the highest division rate,
4.9 percent. (See table 2.)
In November, 33 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
4 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL, and Nassau County-Suffolk County, NY (-1.3 percentage points each).
The largest over-the-year rate increase was in Elgin, IL (+0.5 percentage point).
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In November, 54 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment and 334 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX (+114,400),
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+113,000), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
(+94,700). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Reno,
NV (+5.9 percent), Midland, TX (+5.7 percent), and Colorado Springs, CO (+5.0 percent).
(See table 3.)
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 37 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010
Census population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in
14 areas. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large
metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+4.8 percent), Phoenix-
Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ (+4.2 percent), and Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV (+3.8 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In November, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 16 of the 38 metropolitan divisions
over the year and was essentially unchanged in 22 divisions. The largest over-the-year
increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-
White Plains, NY-NJ (+87,200), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+73,400), and Seattle-
Bellevue-Everett, WA (+63,000). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Seattle-Bellevue-
Everett, WA (+3.7 percent), West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL (+3.2 percent),
and Tacoma-Lakewood, WA (+2.9 percent).
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division