U.S. September Jobless Rates Down over the Year in 353 of 387 Metro Areas

Jobless rates were lower in September than a year earlier in 353 of the 387 metropolitan areas, higher in 25, and unchanged in 9. Nonfarm payroll employment was up in 302 metropolitan areas over the year, down in 76, and unchanged in 9.

METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- SEPTEMBER 2015 


Unemployment rates were lower in September than a year earlier in 353 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 25 areas, and unchanged in 9 areas, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Nineteen areas had jobless rates of less than
3.0 percent, and two areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment increased over the year in 302 metropolitan areas, decreased in 76
areas, and was unchanged in 9 areas. The national unemployment rate in September
was 4.9 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.7 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest unemployment rate in September, 2.0 percent.
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates, 26.0
percent and 21.6 percent, respectively. A total of 192 areas had September
unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 4.9 percent, 186 areas had rates
above it, and 9 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in
September (-4.8 percentage points). Four other areas had rate declines of at least
2.0 percentage points. Yuma, Ariz., had the largest over-the-year jobless rate
increase (+1.5 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., and Salt Lake City, Utah, had the
lowest unemployment rates in September, 3.1 percent each. Las Vegas-Henderson-
Paradise, Nev., had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 6.8 percent.
Forty-nine large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases and two had
no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Mich.
(-2.5 percentage points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
September, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael,
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 3.1 percent each.
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest division unemployment rate,
6.7 percent. (See table 2.)

All 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in
September. The largest decline occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich. (-3.1
percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In September, 302 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 76 had decreases, and 9 had no change. The largest over-
the-year employment increases occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif.
(+129,900), New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+115,400), and Dallas-
Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+98,700). The largest over-the-year percentage gain
in employment occurred in Provo-Orem, Utah (+6.2 percent), followed by Medford, Ore.
(+4.9 percent), and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+4.8 percent). (See
table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Davenport-Moline-
Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-4,200), Lafayette, La. (-3,700), and Bloomington, Ind.
(-3,100). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred
in Pine Bluff, Ark. (-6.5 percent), Bloomington, Ind. (-4.0 percent), and Cape
Girardeau, Mo.-Ill., and Lawton, Okla. (-2.7 percent each). 

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 49 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a
2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in San Jose-
Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+4.8 percent), followed by Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford,
Fla., Salt Lake City, Utah, and San Antonio-New Braunfels, Texas (+3.7 percent each).
The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in New Orleans-Metairie,
La. (-0.2 percent), and Richmond, Va. (-0.1 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In September, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 33 of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year, decreased in 4, and remained unchanged in Taunton-
Middleborough-Norton, Mass. The largest over-the-year increase in employment
among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains,
N.Y.-N.J. (+88,000), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+85,000),
and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+78,800). The largest over-the-year decrease in
employment occurred in Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (-1,800), followed by Dutchess County-
Putnam County, N.Y. (-1,600), Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. (-1,000),
and Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-200). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif. (+4.7
percent), followed by San Rafael, Calif. (+4.5 percent), and Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash.
(+3.5 percent). The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Nashua,
N.H.-Mass. (-1.4 percent), Dutchess County-Putnam County, N.Y. (-1.1 percent),
Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-0.3 percent), and Lake County-Kenosha
County, Ill.-Wis. (-0.2 percent). 

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The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for October is
scheduled to be released on Friday, November 20, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled
to be released on Monday, December 7, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).