Jobless rates were lower in March than a year earlier in 302 of the 388 metropolitan areas, higher in 64, and unchanged in 22. Nonfarm payroll employment was up in 308 metropolitan areas over the year, down in 72, and unchanged in 8.
METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MARCH 2018 Unemployment rates were lower in March than a year earlier in 302 of the 388 metropolitan areas, higher in 64 areas, and unchanged in 22 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Forty areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and five areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 308 metropolitan areas, decreased in 72 areas, and was unchanged in 8 areas. The national unemployment rate in March was 4.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.6 percent a year earlier. Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In March, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.7 percent. El Centro, CA, had the highest unemployment rate, 15.3 percent. A total of 194 areas had March jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.1 percent, 179 areas had rates above it, and 15 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.) Rockford, IL, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in March (-3.3 percentage points). An additional 52 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increases occurred in California-Lexington Park, MD; Glens Falls, NY; Hot Springs, AR; and Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ (+0.6 percentage point each). Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN; San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA; and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA, had the lowest unemployment rates in March, 2.7 percent each. Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY, had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 5.8 percent. Forty-five large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, five had increases, and one had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in Cleveland-Elyria, OH (-1.4 percentage points). No large area had an unemployment rate increase greater than 0.4 percentage point. Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In March, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.3 percent each. Tacoma-Lakewood, WA, had the highest division rate, 5.8 percent. (See table 2.) In March, 30 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 6 had increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA, and Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA (-0.9 percentage point each). None of the over-the-year jobless rate increases exceeded 0.4 percentage point. Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In March, 308 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 72 had decreases, and 8 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+121,800), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+101,200), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+87,100). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Midland, TX (+9.9 percent), Ocean City, NJ (+7.4 percent), and Odessa, TX (+6.6 percent). (See table 3.) The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Toledo, OH (-4,600), followed by Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA (-3,600), and Springfield, IL (-3,400). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Enid, OK (-3.1 percent), followed by Sebring, FL, and Springfield, IL (-3.0 percent each). Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Austin-Round Rock, TX (+3.6 percent), Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+3.5 percent), and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ, and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (+3.2 percent each). Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In March, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 34 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the year, fell in 3, and remained unchanged in Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, MA. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+93,400), followed by Dallas- Plano-Irving, TX (+78,400), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+61,700). The over-the-year decreases occurred in Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-1,400), and Framingham, MA, and Gary, IN (-700 each). (See table 4.) The largest over-the-year percentage increase occurred in Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, MA-NH (+3.9 percent), followed by Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA (+3.2 percent), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+3.1 percent). The over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-1.4 percent), Framingham, MA (-0.4 percent), and Gary, IN (-0.3 percent).
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division